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Grape varieties

This section introduces you to a few of the main grape varieties grown in Québec. Our rigorous climate motivated our grape growers to find new species of vine, thus giving the world of wine new flavours. For you to discover!

Grape varieties for red wine

Cabernet FrancDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionThis variety is also important in the Bordeaux and Loire regions of France. Also found in Italy.  
Wine styleFewer tannins and less acidity than Cabernet Sauvignon. 
Resistance to coldnd 
Cabernet SevernyiDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionCrossing between Galan and Amurensis executed at the All-Russia Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking. Very used in Eastern Europe for its great cold resistance. 
Wine styleIntense dark black color, medium-bodied, fruity with flavours of wild raspberry and elderberries  
Resistance to coldnd 
ChambourcinDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionOrigins from the French Rhone. 
Wine styleSpicy, fruity and grassy flavours. 
Resistance to cold-20 ℃ 
ChancellorDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionFrench Hybrid (Seibel 7053). A little hardier than De Chaunac. Very short internodes, mounding suits it very well. Late maturity.  
Wine styleGives a robust wine that improves considerably after 1 or 2 years 
Resistance to cold–27 ℃ 
De ChaunacDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionFrench Hybrid (Seibel 4995). Very fertile, very loose bunch of medium size, very colorful, small berries. Expensive to produce but often very productive. 
Wine styleRobust colorful wine. Makes a great rosé. 
Resistance to cold–25 ℃ 
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GamayDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
Description 
Wine style 
Resistance to cold 
Léon-MillotDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
Description 
Wine style 
Resistance to cold 
Lucie KuhlmannDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionThis is another Eugène Kuhlmann hybrid variety, with growing and ripening characteristics similar to Leon Millot and Marechal Foch, though less widely grown.  
Wine styleDeep color wine, with a pronounced berry-like fruitiness. 
Resistance to coldnd 
Maréchal FochDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionFrench hybrid (Kuhlmann 188-2). A hardier French hybrid, but still not enough for our climate. Long internodes and small bunches limit its productivity when mounded. Hasty maturity. 
Wine styleGives colored and well-balanced wines 
Resistance to cold-28 ℃ 
MerlotDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionIt is easily the most popular grape variety in Bordeaux (France) and it is found throughout Italy, Eastern Europe and the Western United States.  
Wine styleSimilar to Cabernet Sauvignon though softer and it ages more rapidly. 
Resistance to coldnd 
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MitchurinetzDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
Description 
Wine style 
Resistance to cold 
Pinot NoirDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionGrown in Canada, the grape originates in France where it is used to produce the red wines of Burgundy. 
Wine styleSpicy, complex wines. Delicate yet intense flavor. 
Resistance to coldnd 
PionnierDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
Description 
Wine style 
Resistance to cold 
RadissonDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
Description 
Wine style 
Resistance to cold- 35 ℃ 
SabrevoisDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionThe best red hybrid of Elmer Swenson. The easiest to cultivate, good cold resistance even unprotected. Tolerates poorly drained soils better than others. However, it does not produce well in dry or poor soil. Bunches are variable in shape and rather small. Grape maturity is early to mid-season with a sugar level of 20 to 22 brix. 
Wine styleWine is well-colored, well-balanced and very vinifera-like. 
Resistance to cold–38 ℃ 
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Seyval NoirDisplay the wines belonging to this grape variety
DescriptionSeyval black (SV 5-247) has the same parents as Seyval blanc and therefore very similar characteristics, except that the vine tends to be bushy. The bunches are loose, there is thus no grape bursting due to compaction of the bunches. It may occur,however, due to the grape‘s thin skin. 
Wine styleVery light wine, very little color and with aromas of strawberry. 
Resistance to coldnd 
See the grape varieties for white wine
Association des Vignerons du Québec inc. Tous droits réservés 2012.